Constitution of India was passed by assembly on November 26, 1949, but it came into effect on 26 January, 1950, in order to co-incide with the date of declaration of Independence by Indian National Congress in 1930. The Constitution of India comprise of following:
- 444 Articles
- 12 Schedules
- 97 Amendments
Preamble of the constitution is an brief introduction to the constitution, which is as follows:
WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;
and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twentysixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.
Articles of the Constitution cover several topics and are categorized into parts based on their topics. The following table gives a brief overview of the Parts in the Constitution.
Some of the articles in the constitution refer to schedules. Schedules are lists in the Constitution that categorize and tabulate bureaucratic activity and policy of the Government. e.g. The first article refers to the fits schedule for the list of Indian states and territories
(2) The States and the territories thereof shall be as specified in the First Schedule.]
Following table briefly describes the various schedules(lists) that are referenced n the constitution.
According to the Part XX of Constitution, there can be amendments made to it. Following table briefly describes te amendments made to the Constitution so far.